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According to a research, listening to music before going to sleep might make your sleep worse by stimulating long-term earworms.



According to research published in the journal Psychological Science, if you listen to music before going to sleep, your brain continues processing the tune while you sleep. Around one-quarter of people who listened to well-known songs before going to bed awoke during the night with the tune “stuck” in their head, according to a sleep lab research. Earworms are musical or lyrical phrases that spontaneously repeat in the mind, an occurrence known as an earworm. It was linked to poorer sleep quality.

Someone who has been listening to music with a fast tempo and distinctive melodic contours is more likely to get an earworm, a type of involuntary musical imagery, according to the researchers. The music industry is dominated by these types of exuberant songs that are intended to be memorable, and the majority of younger listeners are more inclined to listen to music than ever before. Given that many people listen to music in order to fall asleep, the researchers wanted to see if listening to music before bedtime would cause earworms and whether these earworms would have an impact on one’s sleep quality.

“I had never considered earworms until I taught a Cognition course and learned that there is a subfield devoted to determining why we hear songs in our heads,” says study author Michael K. Scullin, an associate professor at Baylor University and the Sleep Neuroscience and Cognition Lab’s principal investigator.

“I’m a sleep scientist, and I was intrigued whether having an earworm at night might affect sleep. Some of us thought it would have a negative impact on sleep because earworms can sometimes be unpleasant. Others in the lab believed it would assist sleeping since the earworm might distract you from rumination. It was enjoyable to research these opposing viewpoints in a series of studies.”

Around 33 percent of people in an initial, cross-sectional survey in the United States reported experiencing earworms at bedtime — either when attempting to fall asleep, while waking up in the middle of the night, or upon waking in the early morning. Participants who listened to music more frequently were more likely to have these sleep-related earworms. Sleep quality and quantity were not significantly impacted by the number of daily songs, but there was a negative link between listening to music and sleep. Furthermore, greater music listening was linked to worse sleep, which was linked to higher frequency of sleep-related earworms; this relationship was mediated by the amount of sleepless nights. Participants with sleep-related earworms had an average Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index score of 54%.

Scullin and his crew then conducted a sleep lab study on a group of 48 young people. The polysomnography test, which recorded subjects’ brain waves, blood oxygen levels, breathing patterns, heart rate, and eye and body movements all night long, was part of the experiment. Participants were asked to select three songs from their phone’s library, and all of them were given the same version. Importantly, half an hour before going to sleep, everyone was assigned at random to listen to either instrumental or lyrical versions of three well-known pop tunes.

The participants were then asked if they still had a “sound, song, or melody” in their heads at around ten minutes after waking. They were also asked whether they had ever tried to fall asleep while a song was stuck in their heads, when waking up in the night, or upon waking up in the morning.

According to polysomnography findings, participants who heard the instrumental music had significantly worse sleep compared to those who listened to the lyrical music, with poorer sleep efficiency and more difficulty falling asleep. People who suffered from sleep-related earworms had worse sleep, according to a recent study. They also had more difficulty falling asleep, struggled to fall asleep, woke up in the middle of the night frequently, and awoke feeling tired. This was especially true for earworms that occurred just before falling asleep, as opposed to those experienced shortly after getting up. The same effect was not observed following a night of sleep deprivation.

Unlike the previous research, around a fifth of participants reported waking from sleep with an earworm, which the authors noted is noteworthy since participants had not listened to music for 8 hours and there was nothing in the setting to stimulate involuntary musical imagery.

“There have been several studies conducted on earworms, and we just completed two of them. The first was a survey-based study, and the second was a sleep laboratory experiment in which people were exposed to earworms. Our findings consistently indicated that the more you listen to music, especially at night when it’s difficult to sleep because you’re listening to it, the more likely you are to acquire an earworm, which leads to increased difficulty sleeping.” Scullin stated.

In a final research, the researchers looked at the EEG data from the sleep lab study and discovered increased frontal slow oscillations in individuals with sleep-related earworms. These frontal slow oscillations have also been observed in memory consolidation studies, implying that earworms are caused by the brain replicating songs while people are sleeping to assist transfer information from cortico-cortical networks into long-term memory.

“We discovered that one-quarter of people have an earworm in the middle of the night or as soon as they open their eyes in the morning,” Scullin added. Why should someone have a song stuck in their head if they haven’t listened to music or been exposed to other environmental signals for many hours?”

“We believe this is a memory consolidation mechanism — the musical tune is reactivated at night,” says Dr. Baser. “Interestingly, individuals who reported earworms had the same brain activity signature of sleep memory consolidation (frontal slow oscillation activity) as those who experienced better sleep quality. Still, we don’t know why memory consolidation of a song would result in worse sleep quality.

The findings show that musical processing continues while sleeping, and that listening to favorite music before bedtime may not be beneficial to good sleep.

“There are a slew of methods to enhance sleep,” Scullin concluded. “However, it’s critical to remember that getting excellent sleep depends on prioritizing sleep. Setting an earlier bedtime and consistently adhering to it is one of the most essential things a person can do to feel well rested and perform at their best during the day. We’re also working on a website that will help people improve their sleeping habits:”

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What Louis Tomlinson Thinks About A Possible One Direction Reunion



After breaking out in the media with hits such as “What Makes You Beautiful,” “Story Of My Life,” “Best Song Ever,” and more, 1D took the world by storm (via Digital Spy). However, in 2015, the boy band shocked their devoted followers when they announced that they will be taking a break. According to E! News, the group shocked their fans by announcing that they would go on hiatus in 2015. After Zayn Malik announced his intentions to leave 1D, the band decided to disband in order to focus on their own solo projects.

“They are great friends and fully support one another,” a source said of the group. “They are very aware that they are able to work on their own stuff as well as remain together. This is an exciting time for them creatively and as a group.” However, it appears that at least one member of One Direction was in opposition to the split.

Before the break, Tomlinson told The Guardian that he was feeling optimistic about the band. “In the last year of One Direction, I was probably the most confident I ever was,” he said. “And then it was: ‘OK, hiatus!'” He acknowledged that he struggled against it, but ultimately lost.

Since then, One Direction has yet to record any new music. The group’s future, on the other hand, appears promising.

Did Louis Tomlinson hint at a possible 1D reunion?

According to Cheat Sheet, since announcing the group’s hiatus in 2015, One Direction members have been working on their solo careers and other activities like beginning families. Louis Tomlinson recently spoke out about a possible reunion and left fans wondering if there could be hope for the group in the future, despite Harry Styles, Niall Horan, Liam Payne, and Zayn Malik all remaining quiet on the subject of a reunion.

In 2021, Tomlinson took part in the WIRED Google autocomplete challenge, answering queries about himself that fans most search for on the internet. He went through his tattoos, color of his hair, eye color, and more before finally getting to One Direction. When asked about the group he replied, “Good time in my life. Hopefully, we come back.” The return of an iconic logo inspired fans to believe that perhaps, just maybe, the band was reuniting. Fans also noticed that when Tomlinson referred to 1D as the band he “is” in before correcting himself to say “was,” he made a minor slip of the tongue.

Could Harry’s comments be hinting at a One Direction reunion? Despite the fact that it appears improbable for now, fans have not stopped hoping for the group to reunite and create new music in the future.

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This Is How Elton John Got His Name



Elton John is one of the most famous names in modern music, with his distinctive appearance and voice, as well as instantly-recognizable songs. It’s difficult to find many individuals who haven’t heard Elton John, better known as “The Rocketman,” thanks to his signature song of the same name. In fact, the Elton John biopic film released in 2019 was called “Rocketman” because the word is so easily identifiable with John (via IMDb).

However, prior to his career as “The Rocketman” and even before he earned the moniker “Elton John,” he was known by a different name. He actually went by his birth name, Reginald Kenneth Dwight, and dropped out of school at the age of 17 to pursue a music career (via Biography). He eventually changed his name because he was becoming more successful, however even the film documenting his life didn’t get his change of name right.

Elton John chose a new name on the fly

The film “Rocketman” tells audiences that Reginald Kenneth Dwight changed his name to Elton John after meeting John Lennon, the famous Beatle. Lennon, on the other hand, had nothing to do with how Elton John got his name. Another singer known as John also existed.

According to a 1991 interview with Rowan Atkinson, Reginald Dwight was a member of the group “Bluesology” and decided to go it alone, hence the name change. He said he chose the name Elton after a saxophone player in the group because he wanted to branch out on his own. In a 1990 interview conducted after the release of his CD box set entitled “To Be Continued…”

“I was in Bluesology, and we were coming back from a Long John Baldry gig somewhere, and we got a bus from London airport to London and someone said, ‘We’ve made it now, so what are you going to call yourself?'” John said (via The Wrap). “The saxophone player in the band was called Elton Dean, a very good jazz sax player, and the only other Elton I could think of was Elton Hayes, who recorded the song ‘The Owl and the Pussycat.’ So I took ‘Elton’ from Elton Dean and ‘John’ from Long John Baldry. I wanted to choose a name that nobody had, and it was as quick as that.”

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Fans Think Britney Spears Is Pregnant According to Them



When Britney Spears updated her Instagram Story, she may have started a rumour about herself. The singer and her partner Sam Asghari are relaxing on Maui, Hawaii at present. While posing for photos with her adoring public, Spears revealed that lately she hasn’t felt too well (via Fox News).

“I think I have a small bug … the only thing that is similar to this feeling is when I was pregnant…” the star wrote as a caption to the clip. She continued, “it’s the nausea that is the worst … It’s like I can’t wake up so I go to the gym trying to wake my system up !!!”

Spears continued her post by writing, “It’s like clockwork … I break my first sweat then I go to the bathroom and throw up… it’s absolutely horrible but then I stay at the gym because I don’t want to go home and lay sick in bed …. I keep going and [at] night I go dancing and my system starts to get clarity … Dude … this has been going on for a month and if someone has this you’re not alone !!!”

Following her return to Instagram, fans immediately started speculating about whether she is expecting again, with one user writing, “She’s pregnant again.” “Awwww baby on the way.” “Morning sickness my dear,” echoed another fan.

More Spears fans were reacting to her tweet about pregnancy on Twitter.

She has confirmed that she wants to conceive again

The celebrity’s message about being sick for a month caused Twitter to go wild. “Britney girl…your nausea has lasted for a month and the only other time you felt like this was when you were pregnant???? who’s gonna tell her?” asked one fan. “I think it’s time to get a pregnancy test PLS,” someone else tweeted.

The rumor mill was still in operation, with another individual adding, “Girls Britney is pregnant. Throwing up every morning for a month…. And she even said herself she’s never felt like this except when pregnant….”

Although she enjoyed her first title, Spears is still determined to have another kid. As the whole world heard during her conservatorship hearing as she tried to terminate it, Spears, who is a mother of two adolescent sons, wants to conceive another child. “I want to be able to get married and have a baby. I was told right now in the conservatorship, I’m not able to get married or have a baby. I have an IUD inside of myself right now so I don’t get pregnant,” the pop star testified. “I wanted to take the IUD out so I could start trying to have another baby. But this so-called team won’t let me go to the doctor to take it out because they don’t want me to have any more children,” she said (via Billboard).


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